The tradition of making figures from wax, practiced in the
Guanajuato area, reached its peak during the 19th century.
Recently, artists have rescued the tradition by reproducing
folk characters such as the chinaco, heroes who fought
in the Mexican War of Independence.
Decorated wax candles are produced mainly in the area of San
Luis Potosí. Strongly bound to Catholic religious practices,
the candles are burned at an altar as a sign of gratitude
to God or to a saint when a favor is received.
Alfeñique is the art of using sugar to create
the shapes of animals, angels, and skulls. Made to celebrate
market day, the figures are true confectionary sculptures.
Artists begin by preparing a mixture of sugar with chautle
(a glue-like substance) and lemon juice. Later, egg whites
are added. The mixture is then poured into prepared molds.
Finally, the completed figures are painted.
Although glass is an ancient product, it was not made in Mexico
until Spanish settlers arrived in Puebla in 1542. Today, Mexico
produces blown and pressed glass.
Glassblowing involves a series of artists, specialists in
each phase of the work. The process requires great dexterity,
since artists are constantly at odds with the hardening of
the raw material as it cools.
For more information on amber, obsidian, shell, coconut shell,
horn, gold and silver, knives and daggers, and antique reproductions,
please select here.