Great Masters of Mexican Folk Art
 Introduction  Clay  Leather  Metal  Paper  Plant Fibers
 Stone  Textiles  Wood  Various
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Traditional Cucapa Pectoral

Traditional Cucapá Pectoral, 1997
Pectoral of hand-strung chaquira beads
El Mayor, Municipality of Mexicali, Baja California
Damajuana Bottle

Damajuana Bottle, 1996
Glass: Blown and stretched
Tlaquepaque, Jalisco


The tradition of making figures from wax, practiced in the Guanajuato area, reached its peak during the 19th century. Recently, artists have rescued the tradition by reproducing folk characters such as the chinaco, heroes who fought in the Mexican War of Independence.

Decorated wax candles are produced mainly in the area of San Luis Potosí. Strongly bound to Catholic religious practices, the candles are burned at an altar as a sign of gratitude to God or to a saint when a favor is received.


Alfeñique is the art of using sugar to create the shapes of animals, angels, and skulls. Made to celebrate market day, the figures are true confectionary sculptures. Artists begin by preparing a mixture of sugar with chautle (a glue-like substance) and lemon juice. Later, egg whites are added. The mixture is then poured into prepared molds. Finally, the completed figures are painted.


Although glass is an ancient product, it was not made in Mexico until Spanish settlers arrived in Puebla in 1542. Today, Mexico produces blown and pressed glass.

Glassblowing involves a series of artists, specialists in each phase of the work. The process requires great dexterity, since artists are constantly at odds with the hardening of the raw material as it cools.


For more information on amber, obsidian, shell, coconut shell, horn, gold and silver, knives and daggers, and antique reproductions, please select here.

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Name Antonio Hernández Gonzalez
Area Various
Specialty Cornstalks
State Michoacán
Locality Patamban
Photography by Lourdes Almeida
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